~ museum quality, handcrafted, custom-built wood models ~
Type IX U-boats
Model shown: U-505 Type IXc
- circa 1944 -
We supplied the 45" model of U-505 shown on lower page to Bermuda Maritime Museum
The images below are
of the 45" wood model delivered to the
See another image showing full sub at very bottom of page.
U-505 is a Type IXc U-boat that was captured during battle in June 1944. Now resting at the Museum of Science in Chicago, the submarine was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1989 and is a memorial to the over 55,000 American sailors and merchant mariners who lost their lives at sea in two world wars. The ship is the only remaining relic of the more than 300 Type IX U-boats that were built.
The first Type IX U-boats were large submarines built for long distance. The 8 boats that were built (U-37 to U-44) operated around the world including the South Atlantic, Indian and even Pacific oceans. They were also used in the North Atlantic, especially during Operation Drumbeat - the U-Boat offensive at the American coast. Their larger size made them less maneuverable than the Type VII which led to their nickname of "Sea Cow". They had a large flat deck casing which completely hid the saddle tanks distinguishing them from the Type VII, but the decking trapped more air and so made them slower to dive, and more vulnerable.
Equipped with 4 bow and 2 stern torpedo tubes, they carried six reloads internally and had five external torpedo containers (3 at the stern and 2 at the bow) that each held 2 more torpedoes for a total load of 22 torpedoes. As such, they were equipped to hunt night after night. Alternately they could carry 44 TMA or 66 TMB mines that were released from the torpedo tubes. Type IXa and Type IXb U-boats had 3 periscopes in the tower, one of which was deleted in the later Type IXc and onwards.
Secondary armament was provided by a deck mounted 105mm gun. Anti-aircraft armament differed throughout the war but a combination of two twin 20mm on the upper Wintergarten deck and a 37mm single on the lower Wintergarten deck was common.
Type IXc Built with a further refinement that eliminated one of the three periscopes, the Type could store an additional 43 tons of fuel to give an even further range. If laying mines they could carry 44 TMA or 66 TMB mines except U-162 to U-170 and U-505 to U-525 which were not fitted for mine operations. 54 units of this variant were activated between March 1939 and July 1942 (see bottom of page). The Type was visually indistinguishable from the earlier A's and B's.
Type IXc/40 A slight modification of the Type IXc, it had a slightly increased range and somewhat higher surface speed. 87 boats were commissioned (see bottom of page).
Type IXd-1 Nearly 500 tons heavier and 35 feet longer than the IXc/40, the Type IXd-1 (variously called IXd and IXd/41) had a greatly increased range and carried 2 more torpedoes. In 1943 and 1944 the torpedo tubes removed and the submarines were converted for transport use, thereby being able to carry 252 tons of freight. 30 boats were commissioned (see bottom of page).
Type IXd-2 The IXd-2 was almost identical to the IXd but with more engine power and had torpedo tubes. Several U-boats of this type were contracted but only one (U-883 ) was commissioned (April 1944), but then lost in Operation Deadlight which was the scuttling of over 100 U-boats by the Allies after the end of WWII. The next IXd-2 U-boat was U-884 which was launched in May 1944 but badly damaged by US bombs in March 1945 while still in the dockyard. Four others vessels (U-885 to U-888) were laid down but construction halted on September 30, 1943 when all remaining IXd-2 contracts were cancelled.
U-505's configuration as it set off on its final patrol. Note the absence of the 105mm deck gun.
|Comparison of Type IXa, IXb, IXc, IXc/40, IXd-1 and IXd-2 U-boats|
|Type IXa||Type IXb||Type IXc||IXc/40||Type IXd/1||IXd/2|
|Number of boats built:||8||14||54||87||30||6|
Length in feet:
|Beam in feet:||21.3||22.3||22.3||22.3||24.6||24.6|
|Displacement in tons (submerged)||1,032 (1,152)||1,051 (1,178)||1,120 (1,232)||1,120 (1,232)||1,616 (1,804)||1,616 (1,804)|
|Engines:||All: supercharged 9-cylinder diesel|
|Horsepower: diesel (battery)||4,400 (1,000)||4,400 (1,000)||4,400 (1,000)||4,400 (1,000)||4,400 (1,000)||5,400 (1,000)|
|Propulsion||All: 2 screws and 2 rudders|
|Speed surfaced (submerged) in knots||18.2 (7.7)||18.2 (7.3)||18.3 (7.3)||19 (7.3)||19.2 / 6.9||19.2 (6.9)|
|Range (miles) at surface speed (knots)||11,350 at 10||12,400 at 10||16,300 at 10||16,800 at 10||23,700 at 12||23,700 at 12|
|Submerged range at speed||78 at 4||64 at 4||63 at 4||63 at 4||57 at 4||57 at 4|
|Theoretical crush depth||All: 230 meters or 755 feet|
|Crew||48-56 men||48-56 men||48-56 men||48-56 men||55-63 men||55-63 men|
|Torpedo Tubes||All: 4 bow and 2 stern tubes|
|Torpedo reloads||16 reloads||16 reloads||16 reloads||16 reloads||18 reloads||18 reloads|
|Mines (instead of torpedoes)||44 TMA or 66 TMB||44 TMA or 66 TMB**||48TMA|
|Armament - varied, typical is listed||All: 105mm deck gun (removed 1943); 37mm single; and two single or twin 20mm|
* The following Type IXc were not fitted for mine operations: U-162 to U-170 and U-505 to U-524
** The following Type IXc/40 were not fitted for mine operations: U-525 to U-550
Type IX Hull Numbers
Type IXa (8 boats commissioned) U-37 to U-44.
Type IXb (14 commissioned) U-64, U-65, U-103 to U-111 and U-122 to U-124.
Type IXc (54 commissioned) U-66 to U-68, U-125 to U-131, U-153 to U-166, U-171 to U-176 and U-501 to U-524.
Type IXc/40 (87 commissioned) U-167 to U-170, U-183 to U-194, U-525 to U-550, U-801 to U-806, U-841 to U-846,
U-853 to U-858, U-865 to U-870, U-877 to U-881, U-889 and U-1221 to U-1235.
Type IXd-1 (30 commissioned) U-177 to U-182, U-195 to U-200, U-847 to U-852, U-859 to U-864 and U-871 to U-876.
Type IXd-2 (6 boats built) U-883 commissioned, U-884 badly damaged in dockyard, and U-885 to U-888 laid down but cancelled.
© 2002-2017 All Wood Ships- All Rights Reserved
Museum quality, fully assembled,
desk-top display models of German Kriegsmarine
U-boats hand-crafted from mahogany wood.
Every ship model is meticulously researched in the initial construction phase to fit your chosen circa and custom built to become a timeless work of art.